Download America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940 by Claude S. Fischer PDF

By Claude S. Fischer

The phone looms huge in our lives, as ever found in sleek societies as vehicles and tv. Claude Fischer offers the 1st social historical past of this important yet little-studied technology--how we encountered, established, and finally embraced it with enthusiasm. utilizing mobile advertisements, oral histories, cell correspondence, and statistical information, Fischer's paintings is a colourful exploration of ways, whilst, and why american citizens begun speaking during this greatly new manner.Studying 3 California groups, Fischer uncovers how the phone turned built-in into the non-public worlds and group actions of standard american citizens within the first many years of this century. ladies have been specially avid of their use, a phenomenon which the first vigorously discouraged after which later wholeheartedly promoted. repeatedly Fischer reveals that the phone supported a wide-ranging community of social relatives and performed a very important position in group lifestyles, specifically for ladies, from organizing kid's relationships and church actions to assuaging the loneliness and tedium of rural life.Deftly written and meticulously researched, the USA Calling provides an incredible new bankruptcy to the social heritage of our kingdom and illuminates a basic point of cultural modernism that's vital to modern existence.

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Extra resources for America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940

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Take, as another example, philosopher Albert Borgmann's inquiry on Technology and the Character of Contemporary Life. He defines modern technology as "the typical way in which one in the modern era takes up with reality," a truly global definition. Borgmann then distinguishes modern (1700 to now) devices from largely premodern focal things. Things are objects whose operations we understand and that can "center and illuminate our lives"like fireplaces, violins, and national parks. They are good.

However it had still not appeared in many working-class homes. **) The Depression sharply set back telephone diffusion, even among some middle-class households. In seeking to understand what factors, besides income, influenced families in these towns to subscribe to the telephone, we found indications pointing to job requirements (especially for doctors and managers), the number of adults in the household (especially women), and peripheral location (for the middle class). These results are consistent with those from Chapter 4.

Female-headed households were less likely to have telephones than male-headed ones (21 percent versus 38 percent). However, the more adult women living in male-headed homesa wife plus adult daughtersthe higher the chances of telephone subscription. Having adult sons at home, on the other hand, made little difference. That is, the likelihood of subscribing increased with the number of adult women at home, other household traits being equal. This finding echoes a gender effect hinted at in our analysis of the 19181919 national survey (Appendix E) and of the 1924 Iowa farm directory (Appendix C).

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