By Alexander Kokhanovsky(eds.)
Chapter 1 advent to Airborne Measurements of the Earth surroundings and floor (pages 1–5): Ulrich Schumann, David W. Fahey, Dr. Manfred Wendisch and Dr. Jean?Louis Brenguier
Chapter 2 dimension of airplane kingdom and Thermodynamic and Dynamic Variables (pages 7–75): Jens Bange, Marco Esposito, Donald H. Lenschow, Philip R. A. Brown, Volker Dreiling, Andreas Giez, Larry Mahrt, Szymon P. Malinowski, Alfred R. Rodi, Raymond A. Shaw, Holger Siebert, Herman Smit and Martin Zoger
Chapter three In Situ hint gasoline Measurements (pages 77–155): Jim McQuaid, Hans Schlager, Maria Dolores Andres?Hernandez, Stephen Ball, Agnes Borbon, Steve S. Brown, Valery Catoire, Piero Di Carlo, Thomas G. Custer, Marc von Hobe, James Hopkins, Klaus Pfeilsticker, Thomas Rockmann, Anke Roiger, Fred Stroh, Jonathan Williams and Helmut Ziereis
Chapter four In Situ Measurements of Aerosol debris (pages 157–223): Andreas Petzold, Paola Formenti, Darrel Baumgardner, Ulrich Bundke, Hugh Coe, Joachim Curtius, Paul J. DeMott, Richard C. Flagan, Markus Fiebig, James G. Hudson, Jim McQuaid, Andreas Minikin, Gregory C. Roberts and Jian Wang
Chapter five In Situ Measurements of Cloud and Precipitation debris (pages 225–301): Dr. Jean?Louis Brenguier, William D. Bachalo, Patrick Y. Chuang, Biagio M. Esposito, Jacob Fugal, Timothy Garrett, Jean?Francois Gayet, Hermann Gerber, Andy Heymsfield, Dr. Alexander Kokhanovsky, Alexei Korolev, R. Paul Lawson, David C. Rogers, Raymond A. Shaw, Walter Strapp and Manfred Wendisch
Chapter 6 Aerosol and Cloud Particle Sampling (pages 303–341): Martina Kramer, Cynthia Twohy, Markus Hermann, Armin Afchine, Suresh Dhaniyala and Alexei Korolev
Chapter 7 Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (pages 343–411): Dr. Manfred Wendisch, Peter Pilewskie, Birger Bohn, Anthony Bucholtz, Susanne Crewell, Chawn Harlow, Evelyn Jakel, okay. Sebastian Schmidt, Rick Shetter, Jonathan Taylor, David D. Turner and Martin Zoger
Chapter eight Hyperspectral distant Sensing (pages 413–456): Eyal Ben?Dor, Daniel Schlapfer, Antonio J. Plaza and Tim Malthus
Chapter nine LIDAR and RADAR Observations (pages 457–526): Jacques Pelon, Gabor Vali, Gerard Ancellet, Gerhard Ehret, Pierre H. Flamant, Samuel Haimov, Gerald Heymsfield, David Leon, James B. Mead, Andrew L. Pazmany, Alain Protat, Zhien Wang and Mengistu Wolde
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Extra info for Airborne Measurements for Environmental Research: Methods and Instruments
Compass is the translation from Chinese Lichtenegger, and Collins (2001). 6 MHz) and a clear acquisition signal (C/A code) on L1. 5 MHz) was added in 2009. Selective availability (SA) – the intentional addition of time varying errors of up to 100 m (328 ft) to the publicly available navigation signals – was discontinued in 2001. In addition to the pseudorange-only triangulation techniques, carrier phase (CP) tracking on multiple frequencies can produce centimeter accuracies. CP techniques were developed for precise surveying and geodesy (including surface motions presaging earthquakes, continental drift), but they have also been recently successfully applied to moving vehicles such as aircraft.
This holds usually for a ‘‘clean’’ aircraft, that is, without further devices mounted outside the fuselage or wings. Any change in the outer shape has the capability to change the quality of a pressure port. 12) where pt means total pressure, measured as the ram pressure of a pitot tube. An error in static air pressure will also produce an error in dynamic pressure and a correction will lead to a term of correction for speed. Although qc can be measured directly as differential pressure between the two ports, the error can be expressed as a correcting term for the indicated static air pressure pi .
This limits the practical application of Eq. 10) or enforces assumptions on the vertical temperature distribution. The density effect of humidity, which is accounted for by the virtual temperature, plays a major role at lower ﬂight altitudes, whereas the low temperatures of the upper troposphere allow only relatively low water vapor pressures and hence small density effects. 19 20 2 Measurement of Aircraft State and Thermodynamic and Dynamic Variables This uncertainty is a very important problem in aviation, so a fundamental solution had to be found.