By George Emery, Herbert Emery
Read Online or Download A Young Man’s Benefit: The Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Sickness Insurance in the United States and Canada, 1860-1929 PDF
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Extra info for A Young Man’s Benefit: The Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Sickness Insurance in the United States and Canada, 1860-1929
Simply put, the I OOF'S sick benefit deteriorated in a long-term process that transcended the market conditions of any one decade. 19 Institutional History of the IOOF T H E lOOp's I N S T I T U T I O N A L H I S T O R Y Friendly societies originated in the industrial towns of Britain and came to North America with British emigrants. In 1819 the largest British society, the IOOF Manchester Unity (IOOFMU), chartered a lodge in Baltimore, Maryland. By 1825 it had chartered nine lodges, four state grand lodges, and a national body, the grand lodge of the United States.
In 1910 Southeastern European ethnic groups made up 23 per cent of the population for the nineteen largest cities in the United States. These groups were largely Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Jewish in religion. Most of the immigrant men held unskilled, low-paying jobs and could not have af- 31 The Men Who Were Odd Fellows forded the I OOF'S price of membership. 18 Like Canadian-born Catholics, immigrant men who could afford the iOOF'S price of membership chose instead to join ethnic and Catholic societies.
They came from all social classes, but predominantly from the ranks of better-paid workers and lower middleclass men. They had above-average health and had satisfied the IOOF'S moral requirements for joiners. A larger percentage came from small urban places rather than large cities and rural places. " "The day the word 'white' is stricken from our constitution," the IOOF'S official historian exclaimed in 1897, "the star of Odd Fellowship will begin to descend. -I3). 2 In 1857 it extended the bar to Chinese, in the process revoking highly restrictive 27 The Men Who Were Odd Fellows terms of admission that it had granted Chinese in California in 1854.