Download A Short Course in Cloud Physics by M.K. Yau, R R Rogers PDF

By M.K. Yau, R R Rogers

Covers crucial elements of cloud and precipitation physics and has been generally rewritten with over 60 new illustrations and lots of new and recent references. Many present themes are lined reminiscent of mesoscale meteorology, radar cloud reports and numerical cloud modelling, and subject matters from the second one variation, corresponding to serious storms, precipitation methods and big scale facets of cloud physics, were revised. difficulties are incorporated as examples and to complement the text.

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Extra resources for A Short Course in Cloud Physics

Sample text

The forces are at right angles to the wind, as shown in Fig. 5. 18) -fJ-ay - = -CFy = +fug The terms on the left are the pressure gradient forces in the x and y directions. u g and vg are the geostrophic wind components. Because the geostrophic wind is related to the horizontal pressure gradient, any change of the pressure gradient with height implies a vertical variation of the geostrophic wind. This situation often prevails in the atmosphere because of a nonuniform temperature distribution in the horizontal.

3. Continued expansion of the air sample of Fig. 2 beyond point P, the isentropic condensation point. The dashed line is the pseudoadiabat through P. This diagram indicates the graphical determination of some of the important theoretical temperatures that characterize an air sample. Water Vapor 23 Some additional special temperatures that may be defined by referring to this illustration are: (a) Adiabatic wet-bulb temperature Tsw , obtained by following the pseudoadiabat from P down to the original pressure.

34), the terms in dT and dp can be collected to solve for dT/dp in a pseudoadiabatic process. This relationship can then be integrated numerically to give temperature as a function of pressure along a pseudoadiabat. 3 illustrates the pseudoadiabatic expansion process. In an adiabatic expansion, the temperature decreases along a dry adiabat until the isentropic condensation point P is reached. Continued expansion is accompanied by the release of latent heat and the temperature follows along a pseudoadiabat from P onwards.

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