By Frederick Law Olmsted
Frederick legislation Olmsted (1822-1903) used to be a journalist and panorama clothier who's considered as the founding father of American panorama structure: his most famed fulfillment used to be principal Park in big apple, of which he turned the superintendent in 1857, yet he additionally labored at the layout of parks in lots of different burgeoning American towns, and used to be referred to as by means of Charles Eliot Norton 'the maximum artist that the USA has but produced'. His A trip within the Seaboard Slave States was once initially released in 1856, and arose from trips within the south which Olmsted, a passionate abolitionist, had undertaken in 1853-4. This version was once released in volumes in 1904, with the addition of a biographical caricature by means of his son and an creation via William P. Trent. It abounds in attention-grabbing and witty descriptions of Olmsted's encounters and reports in a society which used to be at the verge of overwhelming swap.
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Additional resources for A Journey in the Seaboard Slave States, Volume 2: With Remarks on their Economy
The roads seemed to be doing a heavy freighting business with cotton. We passed at the turnouts half a dozen trains, with nearly a thousand bales on each, but the number of passengers was always small. A slave country can never, it is evident, furnish a passenger traffic of much value. I should suppose a majority of the trains, which I saw used in the South, were not paying for the fuel and wages expended in running them. For an hour or two we got above the sandy zone, and into the second, middle, or '' wave '' region of the State.
No angels; only little black babies, toddling about with an older child or two to watch them, occupied the aisle. At the upper end was the owner's mansion, with a circular court-yard around it, and an irregular plantation of great trees; one of the oaks, as I afterwards learned, seven feet in diameter of trunk, and covering with its branches a circle of one hundred and twenty feet in diameter. As I approached it, a smart servant came out to take my horse. I obtained from him a direction to the residence of the gentleman I was searching for, and rode away, glad that I had stumbled into so charming a place.
Yes, I heerd 't was, some place. " " What do yer have to give 'em ? " " Hi, Lordy! and they work up right smart, do they ? " "And board 'em? " He owned no negroes himself, and did not hire any. " They raised maize, and sweet potatoes, and cow-peas. He reckoned, in general, they made about three barrels of maize to the acre; sometimes, as much as five. He described to me, as a novelty, a plough, with '' a sort of a 28 The Seaboard Slave States wing, like, on one side," that pushed off, and turned over a slice of the ground; from which it appeared that he had, until recently, never seen a mould-board; the common ploughs of this country being constructed on the same principles as those of the Chinese, and only rooting the ground, like a hog or a mole—not cleaving and turning.