Download A History of Western Educational Ideas by Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton PDF

By Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton

There are lots of facets of an schooling process that purely make feel if we all know how that approach has constructed through the years. a part of this comes from realizing how associations have replaced, however it is usually vital to appreciate how rules in schooling have developed.
This ebook discusses the continual improvement of academic suggestion over 3 millennia. the point of interest upon the heritage of rules during this quantity is in part an try and circulate background of schooling clear of an strategy in accordance with 'great males' to technological, monetary and political impacts on principles and ideology. It studies many concerns, starting from the needs of schooling from the earliest instances, to the problem of postmodernism within the current century. The authors offer an available and thought-provoking advisor to the academic rules that underlie perform.

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It was a narrow curriculum but it focused on the child in a community and gave pupils exactly what parents valued. EARLY CHRISTIAN EDUCATION We have already discussed the Greek influence on Jewish educational ideas from about the second century BC. The simplicity of Hebrew monotheism and the morality of the prophets were enriched by such Greek ideas as those of the Stoics which stressed willing acceptance of hardship and difficulties, submission to Nature rather than domination of it. In the first century AD, Philo, a Jewish philosopher in Alexandria, attempted a synthesis of Greek and Jewish thought which began a tradition that was also of some importance in the development of Christian ideas.

He apparently wrote extensively on six of the liberal arts, but the only one to survive is De Musica. One aspect of Augustine 's theology which had unfortunate implications for education was his view of predestination and original sin. He thought that Adam, before the Fall, had free will and the capacity for good but that once he and Eve had sinned, the human race lost this capacity and deserved eternal damnation. All who died unbaptised would go to hell because they were essentially wicked as a result of Adam's sin.

Little is known of his own education, except that he made some reference in his writing to his good teachers. Although he was in many respects very Roman, he was steeped in Greek literature, and was particularly influenced by Aristotle. Quintilian was not simply a teacher but a practising rhetorician - he pleaded professionally in the courts in Rome. After some time in Spain where he had been born, he was summoned to Rome in 68 AD by the Emperor Galba. He then established his own school, receiving an imperial salary.

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