By Rachel Nordlinger, Felicity Meakins
This quantity is a grammatical description of Bilinarra, an endangered Australian language. This paintings attracts on fabrics accumulated over a 20-year interval from the final first-language audio system of the language, so much of whom have due to the fact kicked the bucket. certain realization is paid to all elements of the grammar, with all examples supplied with linked sound documents.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Bilinarra: An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory
Blake 1987). NPs in Bilinarra do not specify deﬁniteness (although sometimes the demonstrative nyila ‘that’ is used for this purpose). 3). Bilinarra is a morphologically ergative language (Dixon 1972, 1994; Van Valin, 1981) with a split case marking system which follows a commonly observed division along free versus bound nominals (Dixon 1994). 3). Morphologically, however, there is a three-way marking split between nouns, bound pronouns and free pronouns. e. the forms are homophonous), and an ergative pattern in the noun system arises from syncretism between the nominative and accusative case forms.
Berndt & R. Berndt 1948, R. Berndt & C. Berndt 1948, 1987). At this time, Catherine Berndt (1950) also documented the ceremonies of Bilinarra women and the eﬀects of colonization on their practice. A number of cattle station histories, written from the perspective of the station owners, came from Lyn Riddett (1990), Jock Makin (1999), Alexa Simmons (Lewis and Simmons 2005) and Pearl Ogden (2005). Deborah Bird Rose and Darrel Lewis’ (Rose 1991, 2000; Lewis 1997, 2002, 2012; Lewis and Bird-Rose 1995) anthropological, historical and archaeological work in the 1980s provides the Bilinarra and Ngarinyman perspective on the history of cattle stations, particularly Victoria River Downs and Pigeon Hole, as well as accounts of traditional Bilinarra and Ngarinyman life.
Unlike the inﬂecting verbs, coverbs are an optional element of the verb complex. Although they are like verbs semantically, denoting actions, events and/or processes, syntactically they function more like nominals and adverbs. 1). Word order in Bilinarra is grammatically free and largely determined by information structure, with discourse-prominent constituents presented in ﬁrst position (see Simpson 2007; Simpson and Mushin 2008; Swartz 1988 for a discussion of this for Warlpiri). Bilinarra is also typical of many non-conﬁgurational languages in Australia, such as Warlpiri and Wambaya ( Jelinek 1984; Nordlinger 1998; Simpson 1991) in that nominals are commonly omitted and arguments are cross-referenced by pronominal clitics.